Target Protein: GLCNE
Entrez Gene: 10020
Source: KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human GLCNE
Purification: Purified by Protein A.
Storage Buffer: Aqueous buffered solution containing 1% BSA, 50% glycerol and 0.09% sodium azide.
Storage Condition: Store at -20°C for 12 months..
Background: The bifunctional enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE/Mnk), or GLCNE, regulates and initiates biosynthesis of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc), a precursor of sialic acids. GLCNE is required for normal sialylation in hematopoietic cells. Sialylation is implicated in cell adhesion, signal transduction, tumorigenicity and metastatic behavior of malignant cells. It is upregulated after PKC-dependent phosphorylation and is most abundantly expressed in liver and placenta. It is also expressed, to a lesser extent, in heart, brain, lung, kidney, skeletal muscle and pancreas. Defects in GLCNE are the cause of sialuria, inclusion body myopathy 2 (IBM2) and Nonaka myopathy (NM) or distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV). Sialuria is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a lack of feedback inhibition of GLCNE by CMP-NeuAc, resulting in overproduction of NeuAc. It is characterized by an accumulation of free sialic acid in the cytoplasm and large quantities of neuraminic acid in the urine. Both IBM2 and NM/DMRV are autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorders characterized by adult onset, distal and proximal muscle weakness (especially in the legs) and a typical muscle pathology including filamentous inclusions and rimmed vacuoles.
Cross Reactive Species:
For research use only. Not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic use.